Karagoz HY. Sonmez B. Bakkaloglu B. Kurtoglu M. Erdinc M. Turkeli A. Bayazit K
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guven Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
Coronary artery bypass grafting in the conscious patient without endotracheal general anesthesia.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 70(1)1-96, 2000 July.
BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, considerable experience has accumulated in performing coronary anastomoses on the beating heart, and various aspects of minimally invasive approaches have been simplified. In an attempt to further simplify and decrease the “”invasiveness”” of this procedure, performing this operation without endotracheal general anesthesia was deemed feasible in certain subsets of patients. METHODS: Between October 1998 and June 1999, 5 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting without endotracheal general anesthesia, using high thoracic epidural block to construct extension grafts with a short segment of radial artery, between the in situ left or right internal thoracic arteries and the left anterior descending (n = 4) or right coronary arteries (n = 1). There were 2 female and 3 male patients, with a mean age of 67.4 +/- 8.3 years. RESULTS: The perioperative course of the patients was uneventful. There was no perioperative morbidity or mort!
ality. No patient was converted to general anesthesia or to conventional operation. Control angiograms revealed patent anastomoses in all patients. In 1 patient, spasm of the radial artery graft was observed that was relieved 3 weeks later spontaneously. Mean length of hospital stay was 2.2 +/- 0.4 days. All patients were symptom free and returned to normal daily life at the first postoperative month. CONCLUSIONS: Our initial experience confirms the feasibility of performing coronary bypass grafting in the conscious patient without endotracheal general anesthesia.