J Anesth. 2002;16(1):13-6
Thoracoscopic sympathectomy: endobronchial anesthesia vs endotracheal anesthesia with intrathoracic CO2 insufflation.

El-Dawlatly A, Al-Dohayan A, Riyad W, Thalaj A, Delvi B, Al-Saud S.

Department of Anesthesia and ICU, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Saudi Arabia.

PURPOSE: To compare clinical advantages and hemodynamic and respiratory changes during one lung-collapsed ventilation (OLCV) using a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a single-lumen tube (SLT) with intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation, in patients undergoing thoracic sympathectomy (TS) under general anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients (94 men and 31 women) undergoing TS for the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) were randomly allocated to two groups: group A (68 patients; age, 29 +/- 6 years) in whom DLT was used, and group B (57 patients; age, 32 +/- 3 years) in whom SLT with intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation at a rate of 0.5-1 l.min(-1) and sustained intrathoracic pressure at 6 mmHg insufflation were used. Anesthesia was maintained with 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) isoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen with incremental doses of sufentanil and atracurium when required. Arterial blood gases were measured in 10 patients in group B. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were obtained perioperatively. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in hemodynamic and respiratory parameters between the two groups during the study phases, except for the arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)). The times required for anesthesia and surgery were significantly shorter in the SLT group than in the DLT group. SpO(2) during OLCV was 95 +/- 1% with DLT and 98 +/- 1% with SLT, with a significant difference. Three patients had an SpO(2) of less than 90% in the recovery room, where the chest tube position was readjusted, with no further sequelae. CONCLUSION: General anesthesia with SLT and intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation provides optimal operating conditions, adequate oxygenation, and perfect hemodynamic stability during TS.

Clin Auton Res. 2003 Dec;13 Suppl 1:I94-7.
Variations in dynamic lung compliance during endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy with CO2 insufflation.

El-Dawlatly AA, Al-Dohayan A, Abdel-Meguid ME, Turkistani A, Alotaiby WM, Abdelaziz EM.

Dept. of Anesthesia, College of Medicine King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia. dawlatly2@yahoo.com

Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is the preferred surgery for treatment of intractable palmar hyperhidrosis (PH). General anesthesia with onelung collapsed ventilation (OLCV) using single-lumen tracheal tube (SLT), is our preferred anesthetic technique for ETS. Intrapleural CO(2) insufflation (capnothorax) was used to ensure lung collapse. The current study examined the effects of capnothorax on dynamic lung compliance (DLC) of the ventilated lung during ETS. After obtaining written informed consent, 10 adult male patients ASA I&II undergoing ETS were studied. Their average age and weight were 25 +/- 7 yr and 67 +/- 8 kg. General anesthesia with SLT and OLCV technique was used. Capnothorax with intrapleural pressure (IPP) of 10 mmHg was initially used, then it was reduced and maintained at 5 mmHg throughout the operation. Anesthesia delivery unit (Datex Ohmeda type A_Elec, Promma, Sweden) was used where airway pressures and DLC were displayed during OLCV. A computer program (SPSS 9.0 for Windows; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for statistical analysis of the data obtained. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for analysis of data before, during and after OLCV. P<0.05 was considered significant. The mean values of the DLC were 52 +/- 6, 30 +/- 3, 39 +/- 5 and 53 +/- 9 ml/cmH(2)O before, during (at 10 and 5 mmHg IPP) and after OLCV respectively with significant differences before and at 10 and 5mmHg IPP. In conclusions, during OLCV and capnothorax for ETS, DLC tends to decrease with increasing of intrapleural CO(2) insufflation pressure. However, in short procedures it has no deleterious postoperative effect. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study performed to investigate DLC changes during OLCV with capnothorax. Ann Chir Gynaecol. 2001;90(3):206-8. Right vs left side thoracoscopic sympathectomy: effects of CO2 insufflation on haemodynamics. El-Dawlatly AA, Al-Dohayan A, Samarkandi A, Algahdam F, Atef A. Department of Anaesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia. dawlatly@ksu.edu.sa BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, few reports of the haemodynamic impact of intrapleural CO2 insufflation in the clinical setting are available. Therefore, we conducted the present study to compare the haemodynamic changes between right and left side thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TS) for treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) under general anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 adult patients (17 males) undergoing TS were randomly allocated to two groups (each 10); group A, right side and group B, left side TS procedures were performed under general anaesthesia with single-lumen endotracheal tube. Besides the routine monitoring of vital signs, non-invasive cardiac output monitor (NICO) was used to record the stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index (CI). Intrapleural CO2 insufflation was used. Anaesthesia was maintained with 1 MAC sevoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen with incremental doses of sufentanil and atracurium when required. Haemodynamic parameters were obtained every 3 min then averaged over the time of surgery at phases; I) after tracheal intubation, II) after CO2 insufflation and III) after CO2 deflation. RESULTS: The CO, CI and SV showed decreased trend in both groups during phase II compared to phase I with significant differences (P < 0.05). Comparing the CO and CI variables revealed lower values in group A compared to group B but with non-significant differences (P > 0.05). While the SV variable showed significant low value in group A compared to group B (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to left side TS, direct compression by CO2 against the venae cava and right atrium and ventricle during right side TS caused reduction of the venous return and hence low CO, CI and SV.